Lawyers for each party sit at the lawyers` table across from the bank or talk to the judge, witness or jury. The task of any lawyer is to establish the facts that put his client`s case in the most favorable light, but to do so with approved legal procedures. In criminal cases, one of the lawyers works for the executive branch of the government, which prosecutes cases on behalf of the company. In federal criminal cases, this lawyer is the U.S. Attorney or an Assistant U.S. Attorney. In relatively rare cases, defendants in criminal cases or parties in civil cases try to present their cases themselves without hiring a lawyer. Parties acting in their own name should act prose, a Latin expression meaning “in their own name”. Because the courtroom working group departs from the public consensus on the functioning of justice, it has developed a different set of rules to continue its work and make life easier for its participants. The academic theory of the courtroom task force is based on four fundamental concepts that recognize this fact: speed, pragmatic cynicism, collegiality and secrecy. Effective working groups in the courtroom try to deal with cases instead of administering justice. This has been increasingly confirmed in various courts.

The accused are believed to be guilty. The procedural merits of the case are the true determinant of an outcome. Prosecutors and defense attorneys compare charges with possible procedural errors and possible defenses to arrive at the usual rate for a crime. These factors are used to determine the amount of sentence that the plea will impose. For example, group relationships and the desire to “maintain” a healthy working relationship are important to group members. The functioning of the courtroom unit and the “continuous rate” for certain crimes are not matters of disclosure. Estimates can be made to clients, but usually based on the prosecutor`s willingness to negotiate. (Summarized by O`Connor, T.R., 2005) The United States Marshals Service is the agency responsible for the security of the justice system. The Marshals Service is a law enforcement agency and therefore works for the executive rather than the judiciary, although it provides a valuable service to the courts. U.S. Marshals provide security inside the courthouse and judicial functions outside the courthouse.

They issue arrest warrants, arrest people and arrest refugees. They transport defendants who are in custody to and from their trials and trials. There is a U.S. Marshal for each federal district, assisted by U.S. Marshals Deputy staff and judicial security officers. Witnesses testify to the facts disputed in the case. During their testimony, they sit on the witness stand overlooking the courtroom. Because witnesses are invited to testify by one party or another, they are often referred to as plaintiff witnesses, government witnesses, or defence witnesses. The courtroom task force is, in a way, a response to the lack of resources for public defenders.

Defence lawyers in public offices often do not have enough time to prepare a detailed case for all clients. In addition, they often do not have the budget to fully investigate the facts of a case by employees or private investigators. They often have to rely solely on police reports to obtain this information. In some jurisdictions, clients do not meet with their lawyers before they are in court. As a rule, court-appointed lawyers meet briefly with their clients in prisons or prisons. The defence lawyer defends his client by asking for less sentence. Huemann (1977) points out that many defence lawyers feel compelled to keep pace with their caseload. This pressure can manifest itself in the courtroom by reprimanding the judge for delays. Many subtle constraints combine to encourage participation in the working group in the courtroom. The courtroom working group is a mechanism for the prosecution to decide at its discretion. Various techniques are used to convince the accused that the evidence against him is overwhelming. “Stacking” is a process in which police and prosecutors create a case with many charges or cases of the same charge to convince the accused that the risk of pleading not guilty is unbearable.

The accused may be persuaded to plead guilty to some of the charges if he or she is not prosecuted in exchange for the remaining charges. There are several groups that make up the courtroom working group. These groups perform many functions and all their roles are interdependent. These groups have frequent and ongoing relationships where they interact in a variety of ways and environments. Judges play roles such as issuing arrest warrants; identification of probable causes; the granting or refusal of a deposit; presiding over hearings; decision on applications; and presiding over court proceedings. Prosecutors represent the State in criminal matters. Defence lawyers, who may be appointed by the court or by the court, ensure that the rights of the accused are protected and defend their client throughout the criminal proceedings. Other actors on the task force include trainee lawyers, clerks and administrators, jurors, witnesses, police officers and the media. There is a federal defender for each of the federal districts.

He or she is assisted by several Assistant Federal Defense Attorneys, each representing the accused in the geographic area. Federal Public Defenders and Deputy Federal Public Defenders are experienced lawyers who assist defendants in their defense against federal charges. The Federal Office of Public Defenders is part of the judiciary, providing services to the courts. But they represent the accused, not the judges. Want to know more about a career as a defender? Click here. The courtroom task force has different forms of authority.