From the age of 16, a person has full legal capacity to enter into any form of agreement. This provision is subject to the protection of young people by the right (in accordance with Article 3) under the age of 21 to terminate a contract between the ages of 16 and 18 as an “adverse transaction”. The test is whether a reasonably prudent adult would not have entered into such a contract and whether the person was disadvantaged by entering into such a contract. According to § 4, a contract can be approved in advance by a court, in which case it cannot be reduced later. Contracts concluded in the course of the young person`s commercial activities or in which he has incorrectly indicated his age may also not be reduced. Today`s article would be well suited to a legal quiz night. Find out what the legal age to do certain things is in England, Wales, Scotland and Spain. Compare the facts, check the sources of the law, and use the table at the end as a reference. If you are involved in the production, supply or possession of an illegal drug, you will likely be referred to the Children`s Reporter because you need some form of assessment or mandatory protection or monitoring.
Although there is no national law on alcohol consumption, the 17 Spanish autonomous communities have set 18 as the minimum age for the consumption and purchase of alcohol. If you or your child are sued, you should seek legal advice as soon as possible. “It is effectively a charter for sexual relations with minors. The emphasis on confidentiality shows little respect for parents who are primary guardians. Smoking is prohibited in all public places and workplaces, regardless of your age. It is also illegal to smoke in a private car if there is a passenger under the age of 18. If you want medical treatment for an abortion, the doctor does not legally require parental consent, even if you are under 16. However, the doctor will usually want you to discuss the matter with your parents and will try to encourage you to do so. In certain circumstances, treatment may be carried out without parental consent if the doctor believes that the treatment is necessary for your well-being and you have sufficient maturity and understanding to give your consent yourself. Young Scot Lawline is a free and confidential helpline available to all 11-25 year olds. It is open 24 hours a day and provides legal advice on all legal matters, including: From 1.
As of April 2017, it is illegal to sell nicotine vaping products to people under the age of 18. These include devices such as e-cigarettes and the substances used in them that allow the user to inhale nicotine-containing vapour, also known as “vaping.” The Age of Legal Capacity (Scotland) Act 1991 (c.50) of the Parliament of the United Kingdom is applicable only in Scotland. It replaced the already existing rule of student body and minority with a simpler rule that a person is fully legally capable at the age of 16.  Under the Legal Capacity of Age in Scotland Act 1991, the old rules and conditions were replaced. The basic rule of the substitution regulation is that children under the age of 16 are not legally competent. This is limited by Article 2, which states that children under 16 years of age: The current Spanish electoral law, Ley Orgánica 5/1985, de 19 de junio, del Régimen Electoral General, provides that Spanish citizens who are of legal age (18 years of age, as stipulated in the Spanish Constitution) may vote in general elections. It is illegal for teens under the age of 16 to have sex or oral sex with each other, even if you both consented. Under earlier Scots law (derived from Roman law), a child aged 12 if a girl, or 14 if male, had the legal status of a “pupil” and was under the legal control of an adult (usually parents or parents) considered a “guardian”. From that age until reaching the age of majority, the child had the legal status of “minor” and could have a responsible adult who was considered a “curator” or not have a responsible adult (called “fors familiated”). The age of majority in Scotland was originally 21 until it was reduced to 18 by the Age of Majority (Scotland) Act 1969. The students were not able to enter into legal contracts. Minors could enter into contracts that included the possibility of drawing up a will, but subject to the right to have it reduced by a court in certain circumstances, and sometimes required the consent of their curators.
The rules on when contracts required or did not require consent, and which could potentially be reduced in court, were complex. The age of marriage was originally the age of minority, but was raised to 16 by the Age of Marriage Act 1929 and confirmed in the Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977. It is illegal to sell cigarettes, tobacco or cigarette paper to anyone under the age of 18. Did you know? Until 2015, the legal age for consensual sex in Spain (13) was one of the lowest in Europe.